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It does not arise between the minister of the sacrament and the sponsor nor between the sponsors themselves.Necessity Regarding the obligation of receiving the sacrament, it is admitted that confirmation is not necessary as an indispensable means of salvation ( necessitate medii ). 250.) As to the gravity of the obligation, opinions differ, some theologians holding that an unconfirmed person would commit mortal sin if he refused the sacrament, others that the sin would be at most venial unless the refusal implied contempt for the sacrament.In the Greek Church and in Spain, infants are now, as in earlier times, confirmed immediately after baptism.
From the external rite it is known as the "imposition of hands" ( epithesis cheiron ), or as "anointing with chrism" ( unctio, chrismatio, chrisma, myron ).
The Eastern Church omits the imposition of hands and the prayer at the beginning, and accompanies the anointing with the words: "the sign [or seal ] of the gift of the Holy Ghost." These several actions symbolize the nature and purpose of the sacrament : the anointing signifies the strength given for the spiritual conflict; the balsam contained in the chrism, the fragrance of virtue and the good odor of Christ ; the sign of the cross on the forehead, the courage to confess Christ, before all men; the imposition of hands and the blow on the cheek, enrollment in the service of Christ which brings true peace to the soul. In such cases, however, the priest cannot wear pontifical vestments, and he is obliged to use chrism blessed by a Catholic bishop.
In the Greek Church, confirmation is given by simple priests without special delegation, and their ministration is accepted by the Western Church as valid.
According to a third opinion ( Morinus, Tapper) either anointing or imposition of hands suffices.
Finally, the most generally accepted view is that the anointing and the imposition of hands conjointly are the matter.